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EVOLUTION OF THE MAP OF PAKISTAN

Pakistan map has mostly been centered on the Indus River Valley, give and take a few thousand square kilometers depending on which neighbor had more national power in that era.

Currently, Pakistan is several Hundred thousand square kilometers short of what it has been historically, topographically, and ethnically speaking

Pakistan Map history

Pakistan’s history begins around 2500 years ago with the city-states of

  • Mohenjo-Daro,
  • Harappa,
  • Mehrgarh,
  • Multan and
  • Peshawar.

This land was named “Indus” by the Persian King Darius around 500 BC as it was nearly impossible to venture further eastward into India because of

  • Five massive Rivers
  • Thick jungle
  • Local warrior princes

Indus Valley Civilization that fed off the Fiver Rivers of this valley

  • Ravi – nearly dry
  • Beas – bone dry
  • Sutlej – bone dry
  • Chenab – nearly dry
  • Indus – depleting rapidly

Traditionally “Indus” valley has included

  • Afghanistan,
  • Kashmir
  • Northern Belt of India and
  • Coastal land up to Surat port in the South.

Indus Valley Civilization Map

Indus Valley Civilization map almost stayed the same for two thousand years.

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Mughal Empire Map

TheMuslim Mughal Rulersfor the first time in India’s history expanded this footprint from

  • The easternmost flank of Bengal to
  • The western one, Afghanistan.

Pakistan was still the center of the orbit.

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All India Muslim League Map of Pakistan

Even All India Muslim league’s map was broadly in the same lines as the ancient Indus Valley Map with the addition of Bengal that had a majority Muslim population.

Also, seeSeparation of East Pakistan into Bangladesh

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The colonial British Map of Pakistan

It was the Colonial British who through a series of ill-advised steps, broke up Pakistan’s traditional map into

  • Afghanistan,
  • Pakistan,
  • Kashmir
  • India proper and
  • Bengal
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Pakistan new Political Map 2020

Download Pakistan Political Map 2020

In 2020, the government to Imran Khan in Pakistan launched a new political map in response toIndia’s new map declaring Kashmir a territory of the Union of India.

  • Also see,India China conflict in Kashmir

Amendments in the new Pakistan political Map

These were amendments to Pakistan’s new map

  • FATA Federally Administered Tribal Region has been merged with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa after ratification from parliament.
  • Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan were shown in the same ink, thereby indicating that both are a party to the Kashmir dispute.
  • Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan now have separate administrative boundaries
  • The Indian Held Kashmir is referred to as IIOJK (Indian Illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir) – which in some sense is true.
  • The Southerly boundary of Kashmir has extended Eastwards to separate the Indian Himachal Pradesh region from the dispute
  • The boundary line at the extreme northeast has been extended from the reference NJ 9842 North Eastward to Karakorum Pass – which is the correct interpretation of the Karachi agreement 1949 that states “and further extended northwards”
  • This implies that Pakistan lays claim to the whole of Siachen Glacier that was illegally occupied by India in 1984
  • At the South Eastern tip, Pakistan has extended its claim well into Sir Creek.

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