Топ-100
  • BMW Motorrad BMW Motorrad

    BMW Motorrad is the motorcycle brand of the German company BMW, part of its Corporate and Brand Development division. It has produced motorcycles since 1923,...

  • BMW 7 Series (E32) BMW 7 Series (E32)

    The BMW E32 is the second generation of the BMW 7 Series luxury cars and was produced from 1986 to 1994. It replaced the E23 and was initially available with...

  • BMW B48 BMW B48

    The BMW B48 is a turbocharged inline-four petrol engine which replaced the BMW N20 and has been in production since 2014. It was first used in the F56 Mini H...

  • BMW N54 BMW N54

    The BMW N54 is a twin-turbocharged straight-six petrol engine that was produced from 2006 to 2016. It is BMWs first mass-produced turbocharged petrol engine ...

  • BMW R12 BMW R12

    The BMW R12 and R17 are flat-twin engine motorcycles made by BMW Motorrad from 1935 through 1942. They were developed in 1935 based on the R7 concept of 1934...

  • BMW S38 BMW S38

    The BMW S38 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which replaced the M88 and was produced from 1984-1995. The S38 was originally produced for North America as a...

  • BMW GINA BMW GINA

    The GINA Light Visionary Model is a fabric-skinned shape-shifting sports car concept built by BMW. GINA stands for "Geometry and functions In N Adaptations"....

  • BMW 7 Series (E23) BMW 7 Series (E23)

    The BMW E23 is the first generation of the BMW 7 Series luxury cars, and was produced from 1977 to 1987. It was built in a 4-door sedan body style with 6-cyl...

  • BMW 6 Series (E24) BMW 6 Series (E24)

    The BMW E24 is the first generation of BMW 6 Series grand tourer coupes which was produced from 1976 to 1989 and replaced the BMW E9 coupes. The E24 was prod...

  • BMW 5 Series (E28) BMW 5 Series (E28)

    The BMW E28 is the second generation of BMW 5 Series executive cars, which was produced from 1981 to 1988 and replaced the E12 5 Series. The E28 was initiall...

  • BMW 5 Series (E34) BMW 5 Series (E34)

    The BMW E34 is the third generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was produced from 1987 until 1996. Initially launched as a sedan in January 1988, the E34 also...

  • BMW S1000RR BMW S1000RR

    BMW S1000RR is a race oriented sport bike initially made by BMW Motorrad to compete in the 2009 Superbike World Championship, that is now in commercial produ...

  • BMW 8 Series (E31) BMW 8 Series (E31)

    The BMW E31 is the first generation of the BMW 8 Series. It is a grand tourer built by BMW from 1990 to 1999 powered by either a V8 or V12 engine. While it d...

  • BMW 7 Series (G11) BMW 7 Series (G11)

    The sixth generation of the BMW 7 Series consists of the BMW G11 and BMW G12 full-size luxury sedans. The G11/G12 generation has been produced from 2015 unti...

  • BMW VI BMW VI

    The BMW VI was a water-cooled V-12 aircraft engine built in Germany in the 1920s. It was one of the most important German aero engines in the years leading u...

  • BMW 7 Series (F01) BMW 7 Series (F01)

    The fifth generation of the BMW 7 Series consists of the BMW F01 and BMW F02 full-size luxury sedans. The F01/F02 generation was produced from 2008 to 2015 a...

  • BMW 5 Series (E39) BMW 5 Series (E39)

    The BMW E39 is the fourth generation of BMW 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2004. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the station wagon body ...

  • BMW 5 Series (E60) BMW 5 Series (E60)

    The fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW E60 and BMW E61 executive cars. The E60 and the E61 were produced from 2003 to 2010 and are ofte...

  • BMW 3 Series (F30) BMW 3 Series (F30)

    The sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series consists of the BMW F30, BMW F31 and BMW F34 compact executive cars. The F30/F31/F34 generation was produced from 20...

  • BMW 7 Series (E65) BMW 7 Series (E65)

    The BMW E65 is the fourth generation of the BMW 7 Series range of full-size luxury sedans, and was produced from 2001 to 2008. The variants of the range are:...

  • BMW 3 Series (E30) BMW 3 Series (E30)

    The BMW E30 is the second generation of BMW 3 Series, which was produced from 1982-1994 and replaced the E21 3 Series. The model range included coupe and con...

  • BMW New Six BMW New Six

    The BMW New Six is a line of full-size luxury sedans and grand tourer coupes produced by the German automaker BMW from 1968 to 1977. All models used the then...

  • BMW 3 Series (E46) BMW 3 Series (E46)

    The BMW E46 is the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, which was produced from 1997 to 2006. The body styles of the range are: 4-door sedan/saloon 2-door ...

  • BMW 2 Series (F22) BMW 2 Series (F22)

    The first generation of the BMW 2 Series consists of the BMW F22 and BMW F23 subcompact executive cars. The F22/F23 has been in production since November 201...

  • BMW New Class BMW New Class

    The BMW New Class was a line of sedans and coupes produced by German automaker BMW between 1962 and 1977. These models ensured BMWs solvency after the compan...

  • BMW 700 BMW 700

    The BMW 700 is a small rear-engined car which was produced by BMW in various models from August 1959 to November 1965. It was the first BMW automobile with a...

  • BMW 5 Series (E12) BMW 5 Series (E12)

    The BMW E12 is the first generation of 5 Series executive cars, which was produced from 1972 to 1981 and replaced the saloon models of the BMW New Class rang...

  • BMW 5 Series (G30) BMW 5 Series (G30)

    The seventh generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW G30 and BMW G31 executive cars. The G30/G31 has been produced since 2016 and is often collecti...

  • BMW 3 Series (E21) BMW 3 Series (E21)

    The BMW 3 Series is a line of cars made by BMW from 1975 through 1983, the first generation of the 3 Series. The E21 eventually succeeded the 02 Series. It w...

  • BMW 3 Series (E90) BMW 3 Series (E90)

    The fifth generation of the BMW 3 Series consists of the BMW E90, BMW E91, BMW E92 and BMW E93 compact executive cars. The E90/E91/E92/E93 was produced from ...

  • BMW 3 Series (E36) BMW 3 Series (E36)

    The BMW E36 is the third generation of the BMW 3 Series range of compact executive cars, and was produced from 1990 to 2000. The initial models were of the f...

  • BMW M BMW M

    BMW M GmbH, formerly known as BMW Motorsport GmbH, is a high-performance division of BMW AG that manufactures high-performance cars. BMW M "M" for "motorspor...

  • Alpina Alpina

    Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH & Co. KG is an automobile manufacturing company based in Buchloe, in the Ostallgau district of Bavaria, Germany that develops...

  • Mini (marque) Mini (marque)

    Mini is a British automotive marque founded in 1969, owned by German automotive company BMW since 2000, and used by them for a range of small cars. The word ...

  • BMW i BMW i

    The BMW i is a sub-brand of BMW founded in 2011 to design and manufacture plug-in electric vehicles. The companys initial plans call for the release of two v...

  • BMW Z BMW Z

    The BMW Z models are a line of roadsters manufactured by German automaker BMW. The Z stands for z ukunft, and has been produced in four different series with...

  • BMW X7 BMW X7

    The BMW X7 is a full-sized luxury sport utility vehicle manufactured by BMW. It is BMWs flagship Sports Activity Vehicle. The X7 was first announced by BMW i...

  • BMW X6 BMW X6

    The BMW X6 is a mid-size luxury crossover by German automaker BMW. The first generation E71 was released for sale in April 2008 for the 2008 model year. The ...

  • BMW X5 (E53) BMW X5 (E53)

    The BMW E53 is the first-generation BMW X5 mid-sized luxury crossover SUV. It was produced from 1999-2006 and was replaced by the BMW E70. The E53 was develo...

  • BMW X4 BMW X4

    The vehicle was unveiled at the 2014 New York International Auto Show, followed by the 13th Beijing International Automotive Exhibition 2014, and at the 22nd...

  • BMW X3 BMW X3

    The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its third genera...

  • BMW X1 BMW X1

    The E84 X1 is the first-generation model and was originally presented as the BMW Concept X1 at the Paris Motor Show in 2008. It is based on the same platform...

  • BMW 8 Series BMW 8 Series

    The BMW 8 Series is a range of grand tourers produced by BMW. The 8 Series was introduced in 1990 under the E31 model code and was only available as a two-do...

  • BMW 7 Series BMW 7 Series

    The BMW 7 Series is a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "New Six" sedan and is curren...

  • BMW 6 Series BMW 6 Series

    The BMW 6 Series is a range of grand tourers produced by BMW since 1976. It is the successor to the E9 Coupe and is currently in its fourth generation. The f...

  • BMW 5 Series BMW 5 Series

    The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the New Class Sedans and is currently in its seventh generation. ...

  • BMW 4 Series BMW 4 Series

    The BMW 4 Series is a range of coupe, convertible and fastback models manufactured by the German automaker BMW since 2013. It was unveiled at the North Ameri...

  • BMW 3 Series BMW 3 Series

    The BMW 3 Series is a compact executive car manufactured by the German automaker BMW since May 1975. It is the successor to the 02 Series and has been produc...

  • BMW 2 Series BMW 2 Series

    The BMW 2 Series is a subcompact executive car produced by BMW. The 2 Series has several different body styles. It is available as a compact coupe that repla...

  • BMW 1 Series (E87) BMW 1 Series (E87)

    The first generation of the BMW 1 Series consists of the BMW E81, BMW E82, BMW E87 and BMW E88 compact cars. The E81/E82/E87/E88 generation was produced from...

BMW Hydrogen 7

The BMW Hydrogen 7 is a limited production hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicle built from 2005-2007 by German automobile manufacturer BMW. The car is based on BMW’s traditional gasoline-powered BMW 7 Series line of vehicles, and more specifically the 760Li. It uses the same 6-litre V-12 motor as does the 760i and 760Li; however, it has been modified to also allow for the combustion of hydrogen as well as gasoline, making it a bivalent engine. Unlike many other current hydrogen powered vehicles like those being produced by Hyundai, Honda, General Motors, and Daimler AG – which use fuel cell technology and hydrogen to produce electricity to power the vehicle – the BMW Hydrogen 7 burns the hydrogen in an internal combustion engine.

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1. Production
BMW claims the Hydrogen 7 is the" world’s first production-ready hydrogen vehicle”; thus far, the Hydrogen 7 has been released to select high-profile leasees. Only 100 total vehicles were produced to put their technology to the test. BMW said it chose public figures such as politicians, media figures, businessmen and big names in the entertainment industry such as 2007 Academy Award-winning director Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck and the chairman of Sixt AG, Erich Sixt, because" they would be ideal ambassadors” for hydrogen fuel and could help spread awareness of the need for such technologies.
There is doubt over whether or not this technology will ever be put into larger production, even if hydrogen fuel technology reaches the point of economical and" green” feasibility, as well as to have the infrastructure required to put hydrogen vehicles in demand. The Hydrogen 7 uses more fuel than many trucks, consuming 13.9 L/100 km for gasoline petrol and 50 L/100 km for hydrogen. The following table shows the consumption L/100 km and fuel economy mpg for both Imperial and US gallons.
The difference in fuel consumption is largely due to the different energy density with gasoline petrol yielding 34.6 MJ/L and liquid hydrogen yielding 10.1 MJ/L. Based on these energy density figures, one would expect 47.6 L/100 km for hydrogen based on 13.9 L/100 km for gasoline petrol; which is very close to the stated 50.0 L/100 km. Using hydrogen in an internal combustion engine as a source of energy is far less efficient than fuel cell technologies; however, this is a system that is in production albeit limited now.
Nonetheless, hydrogen fuel whether converted to energy in fuel cells or burned in an internal combustion engines is not as green as it may seem; particularly so when you also consider that producing liquid hydrogen requires vast amounts of energy. It will also be more expensive than its sister the 760Li no retail price has been announced, which is BMW’s biggest and most expensive sedan, with a base price tag of over $118.000, thus further diminishing its widespread appeal. As of November, 2006, there were only five filling stations in the entire world that supported BMW’s filling technology, furthering the obstacles to making this car usable.

2. Use of hydrogen technology
The BMW Hydrogen 7 burns hydrogen in an internal combustion engine ICE. When in hydrogen mode, high-pressure injectors, designed by HOERBIGER ValveTec GmbH, directly inject hydrogen gas into the cylinder combustion chamber with pressures of up to 300 bars 4.400 psi. The combustion technique is a combination of spark-ignition and diesel combustion systems using surface ignition, subsequently followed by a diffusion type of combustion. This combustion system matches the efficiency values of the currently best turbodiesel engines at a maximum of 42 percent. The car can also switch seamlessly between hydrogen and gasoline at the touch of a button on the steering wheel, and will do so automatically when one of the fuels is depleted.
The hydrogen fuel is stored in a large, nearly 170-litre 45-US-gallon, bi-layered and highly insulated tank that stores the fuel as liquid rather than as compressed gas, which BMW says offers 75% more energy per volume as a liquid than compressed gas at 700 bars of pressure. The hydrogen tank’s insulation is under high vacuum in order to keep heat transfer to the hydrogen to a bare minimum, and is purportedly equivalent to a 17-metre 56 ft thick wall of polystyrene Styrofoam.
To stay a liquid, hydrogen must be super-cooled and maintained at cryogenic temperatures of, at warmest, −253 °C 20.1 K; −423.4 °F. When not using fuel, the Hydrogen 7’s hydrogen tank starts to warm and the hydrogen starts to vaporize. Once the tank’s internal pressure reaches 87 psi, at roughly 17 hours of non-use, the tank will safely vent the building pressure. Over 10–12 days, it will completely lose the contents of the tank because of this.
There have been some accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 is a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution. The BBCs Jorn Madslien questioned whether the Hydrogen 7 was "a truly green initiative or merely a cynical marketing ploy"

3. Specifications
The car is powered by a 6.0 litre V12 engine capable of running on both premium gasoline and hydrogen fuel. It is rated at 191-kilowatt 260 PS; 256 hp and 390 N⋅m 290 lb⋅ft of torque using either fuel. The car accelerates from stopped to 100 km/h 62 mph in 9.5 seconds. The hydrogen fuel tank holds roughly 8 kg 18 lb of hydrogen, enough to travel 201 kilometres 125 mi. The gasoline fuel tank holds 73.8 litres equal to 55 kg 121 lb, enough to travel 480 kilometres 300 mi for a combined total of over 640 kilometres 400 mi at cruising speeds. The Hydrogen 7 gets about 50 L/100 km 5.6 mpg ‑imp ; 4.7 mpg ‑US on hydrogen. In comparison, Hondas FCX Clarity gets about 15 L/100 km 19 mpg ‑imp ; 16 mpg ‑US liquid hydrogen equivalent mileage. The curb weight of the Hydrogen 7 is roughly 250 kilograms 550 lb heavier than the 760Li, bringing it to about 2.300 kilograms 5.100 lb.

BMW 1 Series (E87)

The first generation of the BMW 1 Series consists of the BMW E81, BMW E82, BMW E87 and BMW E88 compact cars. The E81/E82/E87/E88 generation was produced from...

BMW 2 Series

The BMW 2 Series is a subcompact executive car produced by BMW. The 2 Series has several different body styles. It is available as a compact coupe that repla...

BMW 3 Series

The BMW 3 Series is a compact executive car manufactured by the German automaker BMW since May 1975. It is the successor to the 02 Series and has been produc...

BMW 4 Series

The BMW 4 Series is a range of coupe, convertible and fastback models manufactured by the German automaker BMW since 2013. It was unveiled at the North Ameri...

BMW 5 Series

The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the New Class Sedans and is currently in its seventh generation. ...

BMW 6 Series

The BMW 6 Series is a range of grand tourers produced by BMW since 1976. It is the successor to the E9 Coupe and is currently in its fourth generation. The f...

BMW 7 Series

The BMW 7 Series is a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "New Six" sedan and is curren...

BMW 8 Series

The BMW 8 Series is a range of grand tourers produced by BMW. The 8 Series was introduced in 1990 under the E31 model code and was only available as a two-do...

BMW X1

The E84 X1 is the first-generation model and was originally presented as the BMW Concept X1 at the Paris Motor Show in 2008. It is based on the same platform...

BMW X3

The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its third genera...

BMW X4

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2014 New York International Auto Show, followed by the 13th Beijing International Automotive Exhibition 2014, and at the 22nd...

BMW X5 (E53)

The BMW E53 is the first-generation BMW X5 mid-sized luxury crossover SUV. It was produced from 1999-2006 and was replaced by the BMW E70. The E53 was develo...

BMW X6

The BMW X6 is a mid-size luxury crossover by German automaker BMW. The first generation E71 was released for sale in April 2008 for the 2008 model year. The ...

BMW X7

The BMW X7 is a full-sized luxury sport utility vehicle manufactured by BMW. It is BMWs flagship Sports Activity Vehicle. The X7 was first announced by BMW i...

BMW Z

The BMW Z models are a line of roadsters manufactured by German automaker BMW. The Z stands for z ukunft, and has been produced in four different series with...

BMW i

The BMW i is a sub-brand of BMW founded in 2011 to design and manufacture plug-in electric vehicles. The companys initial plans call for the release of two v...

Mini (marque)

Mini is a British automotive marque founded in 1969, owned by German automotive company BMW since 2000, and used by them for a range of small cars. The word ...

Alpina

Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH & Co. KG is an automobile manufacturing company based in Buchloe, in the Ostallgau district of Bavaria, Germany that develops...

BMW M

BMW M GmbH, formerly known as BMW Motorsport GmbH, is a high-performance division of BMW AG that manufactures high-performance cars. BMW M "M" for "motorspor...

BMW 3 Series (E36)

The BMW E36 is the third generation of the BMW 3 Series range of compact executive cars, and was produced from 1990 to 2000. The initial models were of the f...

BMW 3 Series (E90)

The fifth generation of the BMW 3 Series consists of the BMW E90, BMW E91, BMW E92 and BMW E93 compact executive cars. The E90/E91/E92/E93 was produced from ...

BMW 3 Series (E21)

The BMW 3 Series is a line of cars made by BMW from 1975 through 1983, the first generation of the 3 Series. The E21 eventually succeeded the 02 Series. It w...

BMW 5 Series (G30)

The seventh generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW G30 and BMW G31 executive cars. The G30/G31 has been produced since 2016 and is often collecti...

BMW 5 Series (E12)

The BMW E12 is the first generation of 5 Series executive cars, which was produced from 1972 to 1981 and replaced the saloon models of the BMW New Class rang...

BMW 700

The BMW 700 is a small rear-engined car which was produced by BMW in various models from August 1959 to November 1965. It was the first BMW automobile with a...

BMW New Class

The BMW New Class was a line of sedans and coupes produced by German automaker BMW between 1962 and 1977. These models ensured BMWs solvency after the compan...

BMW 2 Series (F22)

The first generation of the BMW 2 Series consists of the BMW F22 and BMW F23 subcompact executive cars. The F22/F23 has been in production since November 201...

BMW 3 Series (E46)

The BMW E46 is the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, which was produced from 1997 to 2006. The body styles of the range are: 4-door sedan/saloon 2-door ...

BMW New Six

The BMW New Six is a line of full-size luxury sedans and grand tourer coupes produced by the German automaker BMW from 1968 to 1977. All models used the then...

BMW 3 Series (E30)

The BMW E30 is the second generation of BMW 3 Series, which was produced from 1982-1994 and replaced the E21 3 Series. The model range included coupe and con...

BMW 7 Series (E65)

The BMW E65 is the fourth generation of the BMW 7 Series range of full-size luxury sedans, and was produced from 2001 to 2008. The variants of the range are:...

BMW 3 Series (F30)

The sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series consists of the BMW F30, BMW F31 and BMW F34 compact executive cars. The F30/F31/F34 generation was produced from 20...

BMW 5 Series (E60)

The fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW E60 and BMW E61 executive cars. The E60 and the E61 were produced from 2003 to 2010 and are ofte...

BMW 5 Series (E39)

The BMW E39 is the fourth generation of BMW 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2004. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the station wagon body ...

BMW 7 Series (F01)

The fifth generation of the BMW 7 Series consists of the BMW F01 and BMW F02 full-size luxury sedans. The F01/F02 generation was produced from 2008 to 2015 a...

BMW VI

The BMW VI was a water-cooled V-12 aircraft engine built in Germany in the 1920s. It was one of the most important German aero engines in the years leading u...

BMW 7 Series (G11)

The sixth generation of the BMW 7 Series consists of the BMW G11 and BMW G12 full-size luxury sedans. The G11/G12 generation has been produced from 2015 unti...

BMW 8 Series (E31)

The BMW E31 is the first generation of the BMW 8 Series. It is a grand tourer built by BMW from 1990 to 1999 powered by either a V8 or V12 engine. While it d...

BMW S1000RR

BMW S1000RR is a race oriented sport bike initially made by BMW Motorrad to compete in the 2009 Superbike World Championship, that is now in commercial produ...

BMW 5 Series (E34)

The BMW E34 is the third generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was produced from 1987 until 1996. Initially launched as a sedan in January 1988, the E34 also...

BMW 5 Series (E28)

The BMW E28 is the second generation of BMW 5 Series executive cars, which was produced from 1981 to 1988 and replaced the E12 5 Series. The E28 was initiall...

BMW 6 Series (E24)

The BMW E24 is the first generation of BMW 6 Series grand tourer coupes which was produced from 1976 to 1989 and replaced the BMW E9 coupes. The E24 was prod...

BMW 7 Series (E23)

The BMW E23 is the first generation of the BMW 7 Series luxury cars, and was produced from 1977 to 1987. It was built in a 4-door sedan body style with 6-cyl...

BMW GINA

The GINA Light Visionary Model is a fabric-skinned shape-shifting sports car concept built by BMW. GINA stands for "Geometry and functions In N Adaptations"....

BMW S38

The BMW S38 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which replaced the M88 and was produced from 1984-1995. The S38 was originally produced for North America as a...

BMW R12

The BMW R12 and R17 are flat-twin engine motorcycles made by BMW Motorrad from 1935 through 1942. They were developed in 1935 based on the R7 concept of 1934...

BMW N54

The BMW N54 is a twin-turbocharged straight-six petrol engine that was produced from 2006 to 2016. It is BMWs first mass-produced turbocharged petrol engine ...

BMW B48

The BMW B48 is a turbocharged inline-four petrol engine which replaced the BMW N20 and has been in production since 2014. It was first used in the F56 Mini H...

BMW 7 Series (E32)

The BMW E32 is the second generation of the BMW 7 Series luxury cars and was produced from 1986 to 1994. It replaced the E23 and was initially available with...

BMW Motorrad

BMW Motorrad is the motorcycle brand of the German company BMW, part of its Corporate and Brand Development division. It has produced motorcycles since 1923,...