Media policy

Media policy / M. politics is a term describing all legislation and political action directed towards regulating the media, especially mass media, and the media industry. Those actions will usually be prompted by pressures from public opinion or from industry interest groups.
Print media, public radio and television broadcasting, mobile communications all converge in the digital infrastructure. This digitalisation produces markets that still lack consistent and rigorous regulation. In instances where regulations exist, technical innovations outpace and overtake existing rules and give rise to illegal activities like copyright violations. This has to be dealt with to defend intellectual property rights see e.g. Digital Economy Act 2010
Media politics is the subject of studies in media research and cultural studies.

1. Conflicting interests
Liberal media policy is adversely affected by the fact that political success itself hinges critically on favorable comments in the media, see politico-media complex.

2. Literature
Humphreys, Peter 1996. Mass media and media policy in Western Europe. Manchester England New York New York: Manchester University Press Distributed exclusively in the USA and Canada by St. Martins Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-3197-7. OCLC 33008396.
Freedman, Des 2008. The politics of media policy. Cambridge, UK Malden MA: Polity. ISBN 978-0-7456-2842-4. OCLC 236184928.
Mansell, Robin 2011. The handbook of global media and communication policy. West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 1-118-79945-3. OCLC 908635289.
Hallin, Daniel C.; Mancini, Paolo 2005. "Comparing Media Systems". In James Curran; Michael Gurevitch eds. Mass media and society. London New York: Hodder Arnold Distributed in the U.S.A by Oxford University Press. pp. 215–233. ISBN 978-0-340-88499-7. OCLC 60512689.

The Institute for Media and Communication Policy IfM was founded in 2005 as an independent research institution that is exclusively dedicated to issues
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