Топ-100
  • Swan neck deformity Swan neck deformity

    Swan neck deformity is a deformed position of the finger, in which the joint closest to the fingertip is permanently bent toward the palm while the nearest j...

  • Osteosclerosis Osteosclerosis

    Osteosclerosis is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal hardening of bone and an elevation in bone density. It may predominantly affect the medullary ...

  • Nonossifying fibroma Nonossifying fibroma

    A nonossifying fibroma is a common benign bone tumor in children and adolescents. However, it is controversial whether it represents a true neoplasm or rathe...

  • Jammed finger Jammed finger

    The term jammed finger refers to finger joint pain and swelling from an impact injury. Its the most common injury in sports. This injury tends to be very pai...

  • Injury of axillary nerve Injury of axillary nerve

    Injury of axillary nerve is a condition that can be associated with a surgical neck of the humerus fracture. It can also be associated with a dislocated shou...

  • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is a medical condition combining clubbing and periostitis of the small hand joints, especially the distal interphalangeal joint...

  • Freiberg disease Freiberg disease

    Freiberg disease, also known as a Freiberg infraction, is a form of avascular necrosis in the metatarsal bone of the foot. It generally develops in the secon...

  • Enthesopathy Enthesopathy

    An enthesopathy refers to a disorder involving the attachment of a tendon or ligament to a bone. This site of attachment is known as the enthesis. If the con...

  • Dolichocephaly Dolichocephaly

    Dolichocephaly is a condition where the head is longer than would be expected, relative to its width. In humans, scaphocephaly is a form of dolichocephaly. D...

  • Distal muscular dystrophy Distal muscular dystrophy

    Distal muscular dystrophy is a group of disorders characterized by onset in the hands or feet. Many types involve dysferlin, but it has been suggested that n...

  • Disc protrusion Disc protrusion

    A disc protrusion is a disease condition that can occur in some vertebrates, including humans, in which the outermost layers of the anulus fibrosus of the in...

  • Cubitus valgus Cubitus valgus

    Cubitus valgus is a medical deformity in which the forearm is angled away from the body to a greater degree than normal when fully extended. A small degree o...

  • Cemento-osseous dysplasia Cemento-osseous dysplasia

    Cemento-osseous dysplasia is a benign condition of the jaws that may arise from the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments. It is most common in African-Am...

  • Attenuated patella alta Attenuated patella alta

    Attenuated patella alta is an extremely rare condition affecting mobility and leg strength. It is characterized by an unusually small knee cap that develops ...

  • Acropachy Acropachy

    Acropachy refers to a dermopathy associated with Graves disease. It is characterized by soft-tissue swelling of the hands and clubbing of the fingers. Radiog...

Musculoskeletal disease stubs

Amyotrophy

Amyotrophy is progressive wasting of muscle tissues. Muscle pain is also a symptom. It can occur in middle-aged males with type 2 diabetes. It also occurs with motor neuron disease.

Capsulitis

In anatomy, capsulitis is inflammation of a capsule.
Types include:
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder.
Plica syndrome, which is an inflammation of the articular capsule of the knee joint.

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Chandler's disease

Chandlers disease is a rare condition in which spontaneous osteonecrosis of the femoral head in an adult is analogous to Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome in children. This disease is caused when blood flow is reduced to the part of a bone near a joint.

Chondritis

Chondritis is inflammation of cartilage.
It takes different forms, osteoarthritis, costochondritis, polychondritis recurrent among them. Costochondritis youll be feeling like a heart attack.

Collagen disease

Collagen disease is a term previously used to describe systemic autoimmune diseases, but now is thought to be more appropriate for diseases associated with defects in collagen, which is a component of the connective tissue.
The term "collagen diseases" was coined by Dr. Alvin F. Coburn in 1932 on his quest to discover a streptococcal infection, as it causes rheumatism.

Cortical desmoid

Cortical desmoid is an irregularity of the distal femoral cortex caused by repetitive stress at the attachment of the adductor magnus aponeurosis. It is most commonly seen in adolescents and is usually asymptomatic. It is a benign and self-limiting lesion.

Coxa valga

Coxa valga is a deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shaft is increased, usually above 135 degrees.
The differential diagnosis includes neuromuscular system, skeletal dysplasia, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

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Dysostosis

A dysostosis is a disorder of the development of bone, in particular affecting ossification.
Examples of multiplexing include cranial dysostosis, Klippel–feil syndrome, and Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome.
This is one of the two categories of constitutional disorders of bone other osteochondrodysplasia.
When the disorder involves the connection between two bones, the term synostosis is often used.

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Enostosis

An enostosis is a small area of compact bone within the cancellous bone. They are commonly seen as an incidental finding on radiographs or CT scans. They are typically very small and do not cause any symptoms. Their radiodensity is generally similar to cortical bone. No treatment is necessary. Multiple enostoses are present in osteopoikilosis.

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Hallux varus

Hallux varus is a deformity of the great toe joint where the hallux is deviated medially away from the first metatarsal bone. The hallux usually moves in the transverse plane. Unlike hallux valgus, also known as hallux abducto valgus or bunion, hallux varus is uncommon in the West but it is common in cultures where the population remains unshod.

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Hyperostosis frontalis interna

Hyperostosis frontalis interna is a common, benign thickening of the inner side of the frontal bone of the skull. It is found predominantly in women after menopause and is usually asymptomatic. Mostly frequently it is found as an incidental finding discovered during an X-ray or CT scan of the skull.

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Injection fibrosis

Injection fibrosis is a complication of intramuscular injection, occurring especially often in infants and children. Injections are often delivered to the quadriceps, triceps, and gluteal muscles, and thus the complication often manifests itself in those muscles.
Patients are not able to fully bend the affected muscle. The condition is painless, but gradually worsens over time. Orthopaedic surgery treatment.

Osteochondropathy

Osteochondropathy refers to a disease of the bone and cartilage.
However, it is more common to refer to these conditions one of the following ways:
Chondropathy disease of the cartilage.
A bone disease is also called an "osteopathy", but because the term osteopathy is often used to describe a healthcare approach, use of the term can cause some confusion.

Osteodystrophy

Osteodystrophy is any dystrophic growth of the bone. It is defective bone development that is usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism.
One form of renal osteodystrophy.

Platybasia

Platybasia is a spinal disease of a malformed relationship between the occipital bone and cervical spine.
This can be caused by Pagets disease. The presence of placebase is also a feature of the syndrome of Gorlin-Goltz, known as the syndrome of basal cell nevus.

Rhizomelia

Rhizomelia refers to either a disproportion of the length of the proximal limb, such as the shortened limbs of achondroplasia, or some other disorder of the hip or shoulder.
According to Stedmans medical dictionary "rhizomelic" means "relating to hip or shoulder joints", while "micromelic" means "having disproportionately short or small limbs".

SCARF syndrome

SCARF syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by skeletal abnormalities, cutis laxa, craniostenosis, ambiguous genitalia, psychomotor retardation, and facial abnormalities. It shares some features with Lenz-Majewski hyperostotic dwarfism syndrome.

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Spondylopathy

Spondylopathies are disorders of the vertebrae. When involving inflammation, it can be called spondylitis. In contrast, a spondyloarthropathy is a condition involving the vertebral joints, but many conditions involve both spondylopathy and spondyloarthropathy.
Examples include ankylosing spondylitis and spondylosis.

Subungual exostosis

They tend to be painful due to the pressure applied to the nail bed and plate. They can involve destruction of the nail bed. These lesions are not true osteochondromas, rather it is a reactive cartilage metaplasia. The reason it occurs on the dorsal aspect is because the periosteum is loose dorsally but very tightly adherent volarly.
Subungal malignant melanoma can also occur in canines.
They differ from the subungual osteochondroma.

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Villonodular synovitis

Villonodular synovitis is a type of synovial swelling.
Types include:
Pigmented villonodular synovitis. (Villonodular пигментированный синовит)
Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath.
Although they have different names, they have the same histology, and stain positive for CD68, HAM56, and vimentin. They sometimes discussed together.

Acropachy

Acropachy refers to a dermopathy associated with Graves disease. It is characterized by soft-tissue swelling of the hands and clubbing of the fingers. Radiog...

Arthropathy

Joint pain is a common but non-specific sign of joint disease. Signs will depend on the specific disease, and may even then vary. Common signs may include: E...

Attenuated patella alta

Attenuated patella alta is an extremely rare condition affecting mobility and leg strength. It is characterized by an unusually small knee cap that develops ...

Bone disease

A bone disease is also called an "osteopathy", but because the term osteopathy is often used to refer to an alternative health-care philosophy, use of the te...

Cemento-osseous dysplasia

Cemento-osseous dysplasia is a benign condition of the jaws that may arise from the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments. It is most common in African-Am...

Cubitus valgus

Cubitus valgus is a medical deformity in which the forearm is angled away from the body to a greater degree than normal when fully extended. A small degree o...

Disc protrusion

A disc protrusion is a disease condition that can occur in some vertebrates, including humans, in which the outermost layers of the anulus fibrosus of the in...

Distal muscular dystrophy

Distal muscular dystrophy is a group of disorders characterized by onset in the hands or feet. Many types involve dysferlin, but it has been suggested that n...

Dolichocephaly

Dolichocephaly is a condition where the head is longer than would be expected, relative to its width. In humans, scaphocephaly is a form of dolichocephaly. D...

Dolichostenomelia

Dolichostenomelia is a human condition or habitus in which the limbs are unusually long. The name is derived from Ancient Greek. It is a common feature of se...

Eburnation

Eburnation describes a degenerative process of bone commonly found in patients with osteoarthritis or non-union of fractures. Friction in the joint causes th...

Enthesopathy

An enthesopathy refers to a disorder involving the attachment of a tendon or ligament to a bone. This site of attachment is known as the enthesis. If the con...

Freiberg disease

Freiberg disease, also known as a Freiberg infraction, is a form of avascular necrosis in the metatarsal bone of the foot. It generally develops in the secon...

Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is a medical condition combining clubbing and periostitis of the small hand joints, especially the distal interphalangeal joint...

Injury of axillary nerve

Injury of axillary nerve is a condition that can be associated with a surgical neck of the humerus fracture. It can also be associated with a dislocated shou...

Intersection syndrome

Intersection syndrome is a painful condition that affects the lateral side of the forearm when inflammation occurs at the intersection of the muscle bellies ...

Jammed finger

The term jammed finger refers to finger joint pain and swelling from an impact injury. Its the most common injury in sports. This injury tends to be very pai...

Leri pleonosteosis

The clinical features of this condition include Flexion contractures of the interphalangeal joints of hand and foot. Short broad metacarpals, metatarsals and...

Nonossifying fibroma

A nonossifying fibroma is a common benign bone tumor in children and adolescents. However, it is controversial whether it represents a true neoplasm or rathe...

Osteoporotic bone marrow defect

Osteoporotic bone marrow defect is a condition which may be found in the body of the mandible. It is usually painless and found during routine radiographs. I...

Osteosclerosis

Osteosclerosis is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal hardening of bone and an elevation in bone density. It may predominantly affect the medullary ...

Paratenonitis

Paratenonitis occurs where a tendon rubs over a bony surface. It is presented with acute edema and hyperaemia of the paratenon with infiltration of inflammat...

Pseudofracture

A pseudofracture is a diagnostic form of osteomalacia. Also called as Loosers zone. Pseudofracture occurs rarely in Pagets disease, hyperparathyroidism, Rena...

Swan neck deformity

Swan neck deformity is a deformed position of the finger, in which the joint closest to the fingertip is permanently bent toward the palm while the nearest j...

Syndesmophyte

A syndesmophyte is a bony growth originating inside a ligament, commonly seen in the ligaments of the spine, specifically the ligaments in the intervertebral...

Zenker's degeneration

Zenkers degeneration is a severe glassy or waxy hyaline degeneration or necrosis of skeletal muscles in acute infectious diseases; a prototype of coagulative...