Топ-100
  • Zooko's triangle Zooko's triangle

    Zookos triangle is a trilemma of three properties that are generally considered desirable for names of participants in a network protocol: Human-meaningful: ...

  • Water supply and sanitation in Uganda Water supply and sanitation in Uganda

    The Ugandan water supply and sanitation sector made substantial progress in urban areas from the mid-1990s until at least 2006, with substantial increases in...

  • Water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia Water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia

    Access to water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia is amongst the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa and the entire world. While access has increased substantially ...

  • Water supply and sanitation in Benin Water supply and sanitation in Benin

    Drinking water supply and sanitation in Benin has been subject to considerable progress since the 1990s, in particular in rural areas, where coverage is high...

  • Urban village Urban village

    In urban planning and design, an urban village is an urban development typically characterized by medium-density housing, mixed use zoning, good public trans...

  • Tax choice Tax choice

    In public choice theory, tax choice is the belief that individual taxpayers should have direct control over how their taxes are spent. Its proponents apply t...

  • Federalization of Syria Federalization of Syria

    The federalization of Syria has been proposed as a way to end the Syrian Civil War. In the broadest sense, it means turning the centralized Syrian Arab Repub...

  • Small office/home office Small office/home office

    Small office/home office refers to the category of business or cottage industry that involves from 1 to 10 workers. In New Zealand, the Ministry of Business,...

  • E. F. Schumacher E. F. Schumacher

    Ernst Friedrich Schumacher was a German-British statistician and economist who is best known for his proposals for human-scale, decentralised and appropriate...

  • Republics of the Soviet Union Republics of the Soviet Union

    The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or Union Republics were the ethnically based proto-states of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics...

  • Reform Party of Canada Reform Party of Canada

    The Reform Party of Canada was a centre-right to right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 1987 to 2000. Reform was founded as ...

  • Provinces of Sri Lanka Provinces of Sri Lanka

    In Sri Lanka, provinces are the first level administrative division. They were first established by the British rulers of Ceylon in 1833. Over the next centu...

  • Politics of Somalia Politics of Somalia

    The politics of Somalia takes place in a framework of federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. According to the Constitution of Somalia, the...

  • Network topology Network topology

    Network topology is the arrangement of the elements of a communication network. Network topology can be used to define or describe the arrangement of various...

  • Nationalities and regions of Spain Nationalities and regions of Spain

    Spain is a diverse country integrated by contrasting entities with varying economic and social structures, languages, and historical, political and cultural ...

  • National Forum (Georgia) National Forum (Georgia)

    The National Forum is a political party in Georgia established on December 15, 2006 by the former diplomat Kakha Shartava. He is the son of Zhiuli Shartava, ...

  • National delimitation in the Soviet Union National delimitation in the Soviet Union

    National delimitation in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was the process of creating well-defined national territorial units, raions and okrugs) from...

  • Municipalities of Milan Municipalities of Milan

    Milan, Italy is divided into nine municipalities. They are numbered from 1 to 9. The organization was established in 1997, implemented in 1999 and reformed i...

  • Millet (Ottoman Empire) Millet (Ottoman Empire)

    In the Ottoman Empire, a millet was an independent court of law pertaining to "personal law" under which a confessional community was allowed to rule itself ...

  • Marketization Marketization

    Marketization or marketisation is a restructuring process that enables state enterprises to operate as market-oriented firms by changing the legal environmen...

  • Leopold Kohr Leopold Kohr

    Leopold Kohr was an economist, jurist and political scientist known both for his opposition to the "cult of bigness" in social organization and as one of tho...

  • Indonesian Village Law Indonesian Village Law

    Village Law is a set of rules regarding the conduct of government village with consideration has evolved in various forms that need to be protected and empow...

  • List of regencies and cities of Indonesia List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

    Regencies and cities are the second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. Regencies are ro...

  • Federated state Federated state

    A federated state is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation. Such states differ from fully sovereign states, in that they do...

  • District Rural Development Agencies District Rural Development Agencies

    DRDA has traditionally been the principal organ at the district level to oversee the implementation of anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Devel...

  • Distributed computing Distributed computing

    Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems. A distributed system is a system whose components are located on diffe...

  • Departments of Bolivia Departments of Bolivia

    Bolivia is a unitary state consisting of nine departments. Departments are the primary subdivisions of Bolivia, and possess certain rights under the Constitu...

  • Democratic Party for a New Society Democratic Party for a New Society

    The Democratic Party for a New Society is a registered political party in Myanmar, founded in 1988 by Moe Thee Zun, the then Secretary General of the All Bur...

  • Decentralization in Rwanda Decentralization in Rwanda

    In the year 2000, Rwanda engaged in a decentralization process materialized by the adoption of the National Decentralization Policy. The policys objective we...

  • Decentralization Coalition Decentralization Coalition

    Concertacion Descentralista was a Peruvian electoral coalition established to contend in the 2006 national election. It comprises two national-level parties:...

  • Ralph Borsodi Ralph Borsodi

    Ralph Borsodi was an agrarian theorist and practical experimenter interested in ways of living useful to the modern family desiring greater self-reliance. Mu...

  • Murray Bookchin Murray Bookchin

    Murray Bookchin was an American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin formulated...

  • Ziyad Baroud Ziyad Baroud

    Ziyad Baroud ; born 29 April 1970) is a Lebanese civil servant and civil society activist. He served as minister of interior and municipalities, considered t...

  • Autonomous communities of Spain Autonomous communities of Spain

    In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with t...

  • Appropriate technology Appropriate technology

    Appropriate technology is a movement encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, affordable by locals, decentralized, labor-intens...

  • Administrative divisions of the Maldives Administrative divisions of the Maldives

    The Administrative Divisions of the Maldives refers to the various units of government that provide local government services in the Maldives. According to t...

  • Administrative divisions of Portugal Administrative divisions of Portugal

    Administratively, Portugal is de jure unitary and decentralized state. Nonetheless, operationally, it is highly centralized system with administrative divisi...

  • Administrative divisions of Peru Administrative divisions of Peru

    The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. The old territ...

  • 1969 French constitutional referendum 1969 French constitutional referendum

    A constitutional referendum was held in France on 27 April 1969. The reforms would have led to government decentralization and changes to the Senate. It was ...

  • Decentralization Decentralization

    Decentralization or decentralisation is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, ar...

Decentralization

centralization and recent French efforts at decentralization of government functions. Ideas of liberty and decentralization were carried to their logical conclusions
and this decentralization shielded the network from litigation related to the actions of individual users. Centralized computing Decentralized information
the size of the served area, different scales of decentralization could be found: Decentralization at the level of a suburb or satellite township in
The decentralized administrations Greek: αποκεντρωμένες διοικήσεις, apokentromenes dioikiseis are the third level of administrative divisions in Greece
Decentralization in Peru has long been a major issue in the government agenda. A referendum was held on October 30, 2005 to decide whether fifteen of the
A decentralized - planned economy or decentrally - planned economy occasionally called horizontally - planned economy due to its horizontalism is a type of
year 2000, Rwanda engaged in a decentralization process materialized by the adoption of the National Decentralization Policy. The policy s objective were
one of cycles of centralization and decentralization MIT Professor Thomas W. Malone explains that decentralization has three general benefits: encourages
The decentralization policy in the K League was an effort by the Korea Professional Football League and South Korean Government in 1995 in order to spread
presidency was Susana Villaran. The political discourse revolved around decentralization both political and economic, poverty reduction and state reform. The
Administration and Decentralization On 19 September 2007, the Ministry of the Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization was merged with the

Decentralization

Decentralization or decentralisation is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, ar...

1969 French constitutional referendum

A constitutional referendum was held in France on 27 April 1969. The reforms would have led to government decentralization and changes to the Senate. It was ...

Administrative divisions of Peru

The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. The old territ...

Administrative divisions of Portugal

Administratively, Portugal is de jure unitary and decentralized state. Nonetheless, operationally, it is highly centralized system with administrative divisi...

Administrative divisions of the Maldives

The Administrative Divisions of the Maldives refers to the various units of government that provide local government services in the Maldives. According to t...

Appropriate technology

Appropriate technology is a movement encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, affordable by locals, decentralized, labor-intens...

Autonomous communities of Spain

In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with t...

Ziyad Baroud

Ziyad Baroud ; born 29 April 1970) is a Lebanese civil servant and civil society activist. He served as minister of interior and municipalities, considered t...

Murray Bookchin

Murray Bookchin was an American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin formulated...

Ralph Borsodi

Ralph Borsodi was an agrarian theorist and practical experimenter interested in ways of living useful to the modern family desiring greater self-reliance. Mu...

Decentralisation in Ukraine

Decentralisation in Ukraine is a series of reforms to give additional power and resources to local authorities. This process was intended to advance regional...

Decentralization Coalition

Concertacion Descentralista was a Peruvian electoral coalition established to contend in the 2006 national election. It comprises two national-level parties:...

Decentralization in Rwanda

In the year 2000, Rwanda engaged in a decentralization process materialized by the adoption of the National Decentralization Policy. The policys objective we...

Decentralization process in Peru

Decentralization in Peru has long been a major issue in the government agenda. A referendum was held on October 30, 2005 to decide whether fifteen of the cur...

Decentralized application

A decentralized application is a computer application that runs on a distributed computing system. DApps have been popularized by distributed ledger technolo...

Decentralized computing

Decentralized computing is the allocation of resources, both hardware and software, to each individual workstation, or office location. In contrast, centrali...

Delegated administration

In computing, delegated administration or delegation of control describes the decentralization of role-based-access-control systems. Many enterprises use a c...

Democratic Party for a New Society

The Democratic Party for a New Society is a registered political party in Myanmar, founded in 1988 by Moe Thee Zun, the then Secretary General of the All Bur...

Departments of Bolivia

Bolivia is a unitary state consisting of nine departments. Departments are the primary subdivisions of Bolivia, and possess certain rights under the Constitu...

Distributed computing

Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems. A distributed system is a system whose components are located on diffe...

District Rural Development Agencies

DRDA has traditionally been the principal organ at the district level to oversee the implementation of anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Devel...

Federated state

A federated state is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation. Such states differ from fully sovereign states, in that they do...

Fiscal federalism

As a subfield of public economics, fiscal federalism is concerned with "understanding which functions and instruments are best centralized and which are best...

Functionalism (international relations)

Functionalism is a theory of international relations that arose during the inter-War period principally from the strong concern about the obsolescence of the...

Hacker ethic

Hacker ethic is a term for the moral values and philosophy that are common in hacker culture. Practitioners of the hacker ethic believe that sharing informat...

List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

Regencies and cities are the second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. Regencies are ro...

Indonesian Village Law

Village Law is a set of rules regarding the conduct of government village with consideration has evolved in various forms that need to be protected and empow...

Leopold Kohr

Leopold Kohr was an economist, jurist and political scientist known both for his opposition to the "cult of bigness" in social organization and as one of tho...

Local Government Act of Bhutan 2009

The Local Government Act of Bhutan was enacted on September 11, 2009, by parliament of Bhutan in order to further implement its program of decentralization a...

Marketization

Marketization or marketisation is a restructuring process that enables state enterprises to operate as market-oriented firms by changing the legal environmen...

Millet (Ottoman Empire)

In the Ottoman Empire, a millet was an independent court of law pertaining to "personal law" under which a confessional community was allowed to rule itself ...

Multi-level governance

Multi-level governance is a term used to describe the way power is spread vertically between many levels of government and horizontally across multiple quasi...

Municipalities of Milan

Milan, Italy is divided into nine municipalities. They are numbered from 1 to 9. The organization was established in 1997, implemented in 1999 and reformed i...

National delimitation in the Soviet Union

National delimitation in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was the process of creating well-defined national territorial units, raions and okrugs) from...

National Forum (Georgia)

The National Forum is a political party in Georgia established on December 15, 2006 by the former diplomat Kakha Shartava. He is the son of Zhiuli Shartava, ...

Nationalities and regions of Spain

Spain is a diverse country integrated by contrasting entities with varying economic and social structures, languages, and historical, political and cultural ...

Network topology

Network topology is the arrangement of the elements of a communication network. Network topology can be used to define or describe the arrangement of various...

New Economic Mechanism

The New Economic Mechanism was a major economic reform launched in the Peoples Republic of Hungary in 1968. Between 1972 and 1978, it was curtailed by the pr...

NGO-ization

NGO-ization refers to the professionalization, bureaucratization, and institutionalization of social movements as they adopt the form of nongovernmental orga...

Ottoman Party for Administrative Decentralization

The Ottoman Party for Administrative Decentralization or was a political party in the Ottoman Empire founded in January 1913. Based in Cairo, OPAD called for...

Politics of Somalia

The politics of Somalia takes place in a framework of federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. According to the Constitution of Somalia, the...

Provinces of Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, provinces are the first level administrative division. They were first established by the British rulers of Ceylon in 1833. Over the next centu...

Reform Party of Canada

The Reform Party of Canada was a centre-right to right-wing populist federal political party in Canada that existed from 1987 to 2000. Reform was founded as ...

Republics of the Soviet Union

The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or Union Republics were the ethnically based proto-states of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics...

Ricardian contract

The Ricardian contract, as invented by Ian Grigg in 1996, is a method of recording a document as a contract at law, and linking it securely to other systems,...

Kirkpatrick Sale

Kirkpatrick Sale is an author who has written prolifically about political decentralism, environmentalism, luddism and technology. He has been described as h...

E. F. Schumacher

Ernst Friedrich Schumacher was a German-British statistician and economist who is best known for his proposals for human-scale, decentralised and appropriate...

Small office/home office

Small office/home office refers to the category of business or cottage industry that involves from 1 to 10 workers. In New Zealand, the Ministry of Business,...

Federalization of Syria

The federalization of Syria has been proposed as a way to end the Syrian Civil War. In the broadest sense, it means turning the centralized Syrian Arab Repub...

Tax choice

In public choice theory, tax choice is the belief that individual taxpayers should have direct control over how their taxes are spent. Its proponents apply t...

Urban village

In urban planning and design, an urban village is an urban development typically characterized by medium-density housing, mixed use zoning, good public trans...

Water supply and sanitation in Benin

Drinking water supply and sanitation in Benin has been subject to considerable progress since the 1990s, in particular in rural areas, where coverage is high...

Water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia

Access to water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia is amongst the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa and the entire world. While access has increased substantially ...

Water supply and sanitation in Indonesia

Water supply and sanitation in Indonesia is characterized by poor levels of access and service quality. Over 40 million people lack access to an improved wat...

Water supply and sanitation in Uganda

The Ugandan water supply and sanitation sector made substantial progress in urban areas from the mid-1990s until at least 2006, with substantial increases in...

Water supply and sanitation in Yemen

Water supply and sanitation in Yemen is characterized by many challenges as well as some achievements. A key challenge is severe water scarcity, especially i...

Zooko's triangle

Zookos triangle is a trilemma of three properties that are generally considered desirable for names of participants in a network protocol: Human-meaningful: ...