Топ-100

List of military alliances

This is the list of military alliances.Numerous forms of military and defensive alliances have existed between states since early human history.This is a comprehensive list of the most important.

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1.1. Historical examples Medieval Period
Reconquista – Portugal, Castile
Ethio-Portuguese Treaties – Portugal, Ethiopia
634–1853 Christian–Islamic Wars
Jihad – Fatimid Caliphate, Sultanate of Damascus
Crusades – France, England, Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Republic of Venice
1337–1453 100 Years War
Treaty of Windsor – Portugal, England
Auld Alliance – Scotland, France, Norway

1.2. Historical examples Early Modern Period
Catholic League Italian – The Papal States, Venice, England, Aragon, Holy Roman Empire
League of Cambrai – The Papal States, France, Aragon, Holy Roman Empire, Duchy of Ferrara
1494–1559 Italian Wars
1546–1547 Schmalkaldic War
Schmalkaldic League – German Protestant States
Holy League – Papal States, Spain, Republic of Venice, others
1571 Christian–Islamic Wars
Protestant Union – Protestant German States
1618–1648 Thirty Years War
Catholic League German – Bavaria, other Catholic German States
Treaty of Nonsuch – Dutch Republic, England
1683–1699 Great Turkish War of the Holy League
Holy League – Holy Roman Empire, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Republic of Venice and Tsardom of Russia
France and Irish and Scottish Jacobites
League of Augsburg – Netherlands, Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Austria, England, Piedmont-Savoy, Sweden, Scotland, versus
1688–1697 War of the Grand Alliance
1700–1721 Great Northern War
Anti-Swedish alliance – Russia, Denmark–Norway, Saxony, Poland-Lithuania, Prussia and Hanover
Iroquois Confederacy
1701–1714 War of the Spanish Succession Queen Annes War
Kingdom of France, Spain loyal to Philip, Bavaria, Wabanaki Confederacy, Caughnawaga Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee, and Natchez, versus
Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Great Britain including Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland, Dutch Republic, Duchy of Savoy, Kingdom of Portugal, Spain loyal to Charles, Muscogee Creek, Chickasaw, and Yamasee, versus
1717 Christian–Islamic Wars
Holy League – Portugal, Papal States, Republic of Venice, Malta
1718–1720 War of the Quadruple Alliance
Spanish Empire and Jacobites, versus
Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of France, Holy Roman Empire, Dutch Republic, and Duchy of Savoy
Kingdom of France, Prussia, Spanish Empire, Bavaria, Electorate of Saxony, Sicily, Naples, Republic of Genoa, Sweden, and Kingdom of Sardinia,
1739–1748 War of the Austrian Succession
Habsburg Monarchy, Kingdom of Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, Electorate of Saxony, Kingdom of Sardinia, and Russian Empire
1754–1763 Seven Years War
Alliance of Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover, Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, Iroquois Confederacy, Portugal, Hesse-Kassel, Schaumburg-Lippe,
Alliance of France, Austria, Russian Empire, Spanish Empire, Sweden, Saxony, Mughal Empire
Allied with Britain: Cayugas, Cherokees, Creeks, Mohawks, Onondagas, Senecas
Allied with Americans: Oneidas, Stockbridge, Tuscaroras
Native Americans
1775–1783 American Revolutionary War
Treaty of Aranjuez, 1779–1783 – France, Spain
First League of Armed Neutrality, 1780–1783 – Russia, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, Prussia, the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, Portugal, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Ottoman Empire
Treaty of Alliance, 1778–1800 – United States, France

1.3. Historical examples Nineteenth century
1803–1815 Napoleonic Wars
The Quadruple Alliance of 1814/15 – United Kingdom, Austria, Prussia and Russia.
First through Seventh Coalitions
United States and Allies – United States, Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek White Sticks
1812–1815 War of 1812
British Empire and Allies – United Kingdom, Shawnee, Creek Red Sticks, Ojibway, Chickamauga, Fox, Iroquois, Miami, Mingo, Ottawa, Kickapoo, Delaware Lenape, Mascouten, Potawatomi, Sauk, Wyandot, Spain
Holy Alliance – Russia, Prussia, Austria
1815–1825 Absolutist–Liberal conflicts
1853–1856 Crimean War
Alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.
The Quadruple Alliance of 1834
Triple Alliance of 1865 – Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina
Alliance of Tamasese and German Empire
1879–1918 Dual Alliance – Austria-Hungary and German Empire
1886–1894 First Samoan Civil War
1882–1914 Triple Alliance – German Empire, Austria–Hungary and Kingdom of Italy
1873–1878 & 1881–1887 League of the Three Emperors – Russian Empire, Austria-Hungary and German Empire
Alliance of Mataafans and United States, versus
1898–1899 Second Samoan Civil War
1892–1917 Franco-Russian Alliance – French Third Republic and Russian Empire
Alliance of Mataafans and German Empire
Alliance of Samoa, United States, and United Kingdom versus
Eight-Nation Alliance – Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States
1899–1901 Boxer Rebellion

1.4. Historical examples Twentieth century
First Balkan War
1912–1913 Balkan League – Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia
World War I
1902–1923 Anglo-Japanese Alliance – United Kingdom and Japan
1914–1918 the Central Powers – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
1907–1918 the Entente and the Allies – Russia to 1917, United Kingdom, France, Italy, United States from 1917, Japan, Serbia, Romania, Portugal from 1916 Japan, China from 1917
1920–1938 Little Entente – Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia
1934–1938 Balkan Pact – Greece, Turkey, Romania and Yugoslavia
Interwar period
1931–1945 Second Sino-Japanese War After Pearl Harbor, folded into the greater World War II.
1937–1941 Sino-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact – China, Soviet Union
1931–1938 – China, Germany
1942–1945 Declaration by United Nations: the main treaty that formalized the Allied powers; signed by 47 governments from 1 January 1942 onwards
World War II
1939–1945 Allies – Poland, United Kingdom, France Third Republic/Free France, Soviet Union from 22 June 1941, United States from 7 December 1941, China at war with Japan from 1937; declared war on Germany 9 December 1941, and many others.
1939–1945 Iberian Pact – Portugal, Spain
1940–1945 Axis – Germany, Japan, Italy, Romania, Finland. Hungary, Bulgaria, Thailand, and their puppet states.
Cold War
1950 United Nations Command UN – South Korea, United States etc.
1955–1991 Warsaw Pact – Soviet Union, East Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania
1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship - Friendship treaty between India and Nepal.
1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation NATO – United States, Canada, most of Western Europe
1958 North American Aerospace Defense Command NORAD – United States and Canada.
1954–2011 Western European Union WEU – successor of the Western Union, limited role. Merged with EU in 2009.
1954–1977 SEATO – United States, United Kingdom, France, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, South Vietnam, Laos
1970–1974 Alcora Exercise – Portugal, South Africa and Rhodesia.
1951 ANZUS Treaty ANZUS – United States, Australia, New Zealand.
1971 Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation - India and Soviet Union.
1948–1954 Western Union WU, also referred to as the Brussels Treaty Organisation BTO – France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
1955–1980 Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty – United States, Republic of China
1947 Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance Rio Pact – Most of the countries of the Americas.
1955–1979 CENTO – United Kingdom, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan
1971 Five Power Defence Arrangements FPDA – United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore.
1972 Indo-Bangla Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Peace - Historical treaty for bilateral relations between India and the newly established state of Bangladesh.
1979-1989 Allies - China, Egypt, France, Iran, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, West Germany, United Kingdom, United States
1981 Strategic Cooperation Agreement - Israel and United States.
1981 ECOMOG of Economic Community of West African States.
1982 Regional Security System RSS – several Eastern Caribbean countries.
Bangladesh Liberation War - India, Pakistan and East Pakistan
1979 Imperial Union IU, also referred to as the Mecca Treaty Organization MTO - France, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan
1980–1988 Iran–Iraq War First Persian Gulf War
1987–1989 Tanker War – Iraq, Kuwait, United States, Soviet Union, Saudi Arabia
1990–1991 Gulf War
Coalition: United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Egypt, France, Syria, Morocco, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Canada, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bangladesh, Italy, Australia, Netherlands, Niger, Sweden, Argentina, Senegal, Spain, Bahrain, Belgium, Poland, South Korea, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Denmark, New Zealand, Hungary, and Norway
1991–1999 Yugoslav Wars
1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence
1995–1996 United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia UNCRO: Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Ukraine, United States
1992–1995 United Nations Protection Force UNPROFOR: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
1992–1995 Bosnian War
1995–1996 Implementation Force IFOR: Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
2004–present European Union Force Althea EUFOR Althea: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
1992–1995 United Nations Protection Force UNPROFOR: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
1993–1995 Operation Deny Flight NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
1996 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation – An economic, military and political organisation including the Russian Federation, Peoples Republic of China, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Tajikistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Uzbekistan and as of 2015, the Republic of India and Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, Mongolia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Turkey, and Turkmenistan all hold the statuses of observer states, dialogue partners or guest attendees.
1992 Allies: Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
1996–2004 Stabilization Force SFOR: Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
1994–1995 Allies: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, NATO
1995 Operation Deliberate Force NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
2001–2002 Operation Amber Fox NATO
1995–1999 United Nations Preventive Deployment Force UNPREDEP: Argentina, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, Ghana, Indonesia, Ireland, Jordan, Kenya, Nepal, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United States
1992–2003 operations in Macedonia
2002–2003 Operation Allied Harmony NATO
1999 Operation Allied Force NATO
2003 European Union Force Concordia EUFOR Concordia
1992–1995 United Nations Protection Force UNPROFOR: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States
2001 Operation Essential Harvest NATO
1999 Operation Allied Force NATO: Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
Alliance: Kosovo Liberation Army, Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo, NATO since 1999
1997–1999 Kosovo War
1999–present Kosovo Force KFOR: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States

2. Current military-security alliances
Oceania
ANZAC is a joint military alliance between Australia and New Zealand.
North America and Africa
Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship - oldest continued military alliance with the United States.
North America and Oceania
ANZUS is a joint military alliance between the United States, Australia and New Zealand.

2.1. Current military-security alliances Africa
African Union - All 55 African nations are members
Economic Community of Central African States
Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa COPAX
ECOMOG
Economic Community of West African States
ECOMIL

2.2. Current military-security alliances Europe
BALTRON is a joint Estonian - Latvian - Lithuanian Naval Squadron.
Entente Cordiale / Defence and Security Co-operation Treaty is a joint Military alliance between France and the United Kingdom.
The European Union maintains a Common Security and Defence Policy, including a mutual defence clause
Franco-German Brigade is a joint French-German Brigade.
Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, originally signed in 1373, is the oldest alliance still in force in the world.
GUAM cooperates on "international and regional security" and maintains a joint peacekeeping force.

2.3. Current military-security alliances Oceania
ANZAC is a joint military alliance between Australia and New Zealand.

2.4. Current military-security alliances South America
Union of South American Nations - Includes Venezuela, Uruguay, Bolivia, Guyana and Suriname, with Peru being a suspended member of UNASUR.
South American Defense Council SADC
Forum for the Progress and Development of South America PROSUR - currently being reformed to replace the Union of South American Nations.

2.5. Current military-security alliances Africa and Asia
Arab League
Islamic Military Alliance IMAFT, a 34-member alliance based at a joint command center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Its creation was first announced by Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud, the Saudi Minister of Defense, on December 14, 2015.

2.6. Current military-security alliances Americas
Organization of American States Includes all 35 nations in the Americas, although Venezuela has elected to withdraw and Cuba has chosen not to resume participation.
Inter-American Defense Board
Rio Pact

2.7. Current military-security alliances Eurasia
Union State is an alliance between Russia and Belarus
2001 Sino-Russian Treaty of Friendship a twenty-year treaty between China and Russia outlying economic, militiristic, diplomatic, and geopolitical cooperation between the two states.
Collective Security Treaty Organization, Military alliance with 6 former Soviet republics: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
Agreement on Strategic Partnership and Mutual Support an alliance between Turkey and Azerbaijan

2.8. Current military-security alliances North America and Africa
Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship - oldest continued military alliance with the United States.

2.9. Current military-security alliances North America and Asia
The US-Israel Strategic Partnership Declares Israel a major strategic partner of the United States and allows a greater mutual cooperation in defense and other categories
Pakistan and the United States entered into a Mutual Defense Assistant Agreement following Liaquat Ali Khans state visit to the United States to counter Sino-Soviet ambitions in South Asia and Middle East.
The Mutual Defense Treaty is a joint US-Philippine Defence Treaty.
The Taiwan Relations Act requires the United States to provide Taiwan with military equipment and optionally intervene militarily in the event of a Chinese invasion.
Japan and the United States entered into a security alliance following the allied occupation after WWII.
South Korea and the United States entered into a defense treaty following the Korean War.
The U.S.–Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement- an agreement between Afghanistan and the United States of America

2.10. Current military-security alliances North America and Europe
NATO, Enlarged from 1999 to include eastern European states. North Atlantic Treaty only covers European, North American, and French Algerian now independent and therefore not in force territory.

2.11. Current military-security alliances North America and Oceania
ANZUS is a joint military alliance between the United States, Australia and New Zealand.

2.12. Current military-security alliances Tri-continental
CANZUK is a proposed alliance between the major nations of the Commonwealth Realm.
ABCA Armies, Air and Space Interoperability Council and AUSCANNZUKUS is collectively known as the Five Eyes -
Five Power Defence Arrangements

2.13. Current military-security alliances Global
United Nations
Department of Peacekeeping Operations
United Nations Security Council
Multinational Force and Observers
Combined Maritime Forces CMF is a series of three 33 nation naval task forces, each with a specific role including; anti-piracy, anti-terrorism, and maritime security.
Major non-NATO Ally, allies of the United States, but not a member of NATO.
International Maritime Security Construct, an alliance led by the United States dedicated to security in the Persian Gulf amid American tensions with Iran.
International Association of Gendarmeries and Police Forces with Military Status

crisis that already exists. Military alliances can be classified into defense pacts, non - aggression pacts, and ententes. Alliances may be covert as was common
Military Counter Terrorism Coalition IMCTC Arabic: التحالف الإسلامي العسكري لمحاربة الإرهاب is an intergovernmental counter - terrorist alliance of
This is a list of countries with overseas military bases. The establishment of military bases abroad enables a country to project power, e.g. to conduct
with the importance of joint operations between different services army, navy, air force of the same country. International alliances and operations, including
is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently. See also List of military engagements
with its members identifiable by their distinct military uniform. It may consist of one or more military branches such as an army, navy, air force, space
senior military spokesman of the 29 - nation alliance and principal advisor to the Secretary General. The Chairman is one of the foremost officials of NATO
of Alliance it was a military pact in which the French provided many supplies for the Americans. The Netherlands and Spain later joined as allies of
subjugation of Scotland. In response, the Council of Twelve, which had taken over the government of Scotland temporarily, sought alliances wherever they
A military order Latin: militaris ordinis is a Christian religious society of knights. The original military orders were the Knights Templar, the Knights